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Tour to Historic, Danakil Depression and Rift Valley by flight & Surface 15Days

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Tilahun Abza

Habesha Tour & Travel

Habesha is the ideal choice to visit Ethiopia with over 17 years experience in the field of tourism.

  • Local time:05:06

Tour to Historic, Danakil Depression and Rift Valley by flight & Surface 15Days

According to the written documents the history of Ethiopia remains for over 2500 years and all located in the northern part of the country. Here are the major old permanent capitals of the country chronologically. Axum is located in Tigrai Region at 1024km distant from Addis Ababa and the cradle of Ethiopian ancient civilization and hub for Christianity belief since 342 AD. It is an exotic tourist destination which offers a harmony of ancient history, antiquities, sacred places, natural endowment, convenient weather and perfect infrastructure with tourist standard hotel. Unlike many other states of the era, Axum was elaborately advanced in minting coins, masonry, pottery, metallurgy, taming animals, cultivating cereals, architecture, mathematics etc. Lalibela is the second permanent capital of the country and a medieval settlement in the Lasta area of Wollo. It is the host of eleven remarkable rock-hewn monolithic churches and believed to have been built by King Lalibela in the late 12th century. Each building is architecturally unique, and most of them are decorated with fascinating rock paintings. Gondar was founded by Emperor Fasilidas around the year 1636. During its long years as a capital, the settlement emerged as one of the largest and most popular cities in the realm. It was the great commercial center, trading with the rich lands south of the Blue Nile, as well as with Sudan to the west, and the Red Sea port of Massawa to the north east. It is also comprises several medieval castles with the contemporary design and decoration of churches. Bahir Dar is a clean and well-maintained city and endowed with Lake Tana. Lake Tana is the largest lake in Ethiopia, located in a depression of the northwest plateau, 6,000 feet (1,800 metres) above sea level. It forms the main reservoir for the Blue Nile (Abbay) River, which drains its southern extremity near Bahir Dar. The lake's surface covers 1,418 square miles (3,673 square km), with a surrounding drainage of 4,500 square miles (11,650 square km); its maximum depth is 45 feet (14 meters). The islands and peninsulas of Lake Tana are most conveniently approached by boat from Bahir Dar on the southern side of the lake, though boats can often also be obtained at Gorgora on the northern shore. The Blue falls is a waterfall on the Blue Nile in Ethiopia and its meaning is "great smoke". It is situated on the upper course of the river, about 38 km downstream from the town of Bahir Dar and Lake Tana. The falls are estimated to be between 37 and 45 meters high, consisting of four streams that originally varied from a trickle in the dry season to over 400 meters wide in the rainy season Lake Chamo is 32 kilometers long and 13 wide, with a surface area of 317 square kilometers and a maximum depth of 14 meters with a catchment of about 18757 square kilometers in size. The lake is just to the south of Lake Abaya and the city of Arba Minch, and east of the Guge Mountains. Wildlife include fish like the catfish and Nile Perch, as well as hippopotamus and Nile crocodile abundantly available Konso is an ethnolinguistic group located in the arid highlands of southwestern Ethiopia. Their sharply delimited traditional territory is surrounded by lands of Oromo peoples, to whom the Konso are culturally and linguistically related. They are a Cushitic people. Unlike most Ethiopian peoples, the Konso live in large towns, each governed by an autonomous council of elders. The social status of all males, and of some females, is defined by a generation-grading system. Although a generation grade theoretically encompass the men in an entire region, it does not actually function beyond each town’s borders and therefore does not prevent conflicts between towns. Kinship is reckoned in nine exogamous, patrilineal clans and in lineages that are headed by priests and through which property is inherited. Craftsmen form a distinct social class. Although polygene is accepted, few men can afford more than one wife. The economy of the Konso rests on an exceptionally intensive agricultural involving irrigation and terracing of mountain slopes. Corn (maize) and numerous varieties of sorgum are the staple crops, and cotton and coffee are cash crops. To protect the fields the Konso maintain their cattle in stalls and feed them by hand or supervise their grazing. They use both the milk and the meat of cattle and the meat of sheep and goats as food, and the animals’ dung is collected for fertilizer. Numerous other animals are taboo as food. The Hamer tribe belongs among the tribal people living in the south Omo valley. They are a semi- pastoralist and known in their bull jumping and Evangadi dancing ceremony. If a young man desires to get married, he must jump over back of 7-15 bulls for two rounds without falling down in each way but at the end of each way he dismounts for a while. And if he finishes successfully he will marry according to his choice and he will also joins the ranks of Maza, men group who completed a jumping ceremony. A person must be jump castrated male cattle in order to be successful in his marriage life. But before he jumps, his female relatives are striped by stick in order to show their affection to the Jumper. Above that, young girls and boys dance Evangadi at the night for two or three consecutive days with regard the bull jumping and his parents will take over in preparing a feast for the villagers. The people of Dassanech live near the Ethio-Kenya and Ethio-Sudanese border. They shared their boundaries with the Nyangatom in the northwest, the Hamer in the north and east, the republic of Sudan in the west and Lake Turkana and Kenya in the south. They are also the East Cushitic Language Family, further they are the third populous ethnic group in south omo zone, their livelihood mainly depend on livestock, cattle, goat, and sheep. And they also cultivate sorghum and maize in Omo delta, besides fishing is common. The Mursi people are Nilo-Saharan and speak their own language. They live in the lower Omo Valley of southwestern Ethiopia. Their livelihood basis on mainly in rearing cattle and move from place to place to search for a suitable land for grazing and convenient climate for growing their crops often sorghum and maize. The Omo River meanders for nearly 1000km southwest of Addis Ababa, and 100km north of Kenyan border. The number of the Mursi inhabitants estimated less than 10,000 and live with certain division of villages in the park. Some Mursi practice flood retreat cultivation, particularly in the areas where the tsetse fly prohibits cattle rearing. Honey is collected from beehives made with bark and dung. The most famous Mursi traditions include the fierce stick fighting between the men, and the lip-plate is worn by the women. It is made of clay and often quite large, the plates are inserted into slits in their lower lips. It is thought that the Mursi women wear the plates to attract husband and boost their beauty. The Dorze people are a small ethnic group in Ethiopia who speak a language in the Omotic family. Many Dorze live in villages near the cities of Chench and Arba Minch, in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and peoples region. Weaving is a primary profession for many Dorze. They also are farmers,who prevent soil erosion, by ingenious terracing of the mountainside. Around their huts they have their own little garden with vegetabes, spices, and false banana. The Dorze people famous are for their huge huts, resembling a giant beehive. Although these huts look fragile, they can last up to 60 years. Lake Awassa is an endothecia basin in Ethiopia, located in the Rift Valley south of Addis Ababa, this lake measure 16 km long and 9km wide, with a surface area of 129 square kilometers and has a maximum depth of 10 meters with an elevation of 1,708 meters. This lake is the most studied of the Rift Valley lakes in Ethiopia. According to William Taylor, a member of the African Lakes and Rivers Research group at the University of Waterloo, Lake Awassa is, despite its lack of an outflow, “essentially a freshwater lake (conductivity is variable, but less than 1,000) indicating that it must have a subterranean outlet. Abjiata-Shall National Park is 887 sq. km wide; 482sq km of this is covered by the lakes’ water. The altitude ranges from 1500 to 2000 meters. The highest peak is Mt fike, situated between the two lakes. The lakes are terminal, but they are very different in nature. The park was created for many species of aquatic birds, particularly great white pelicans and greater and lesser flamingoes. Lake’s islands are used as breeding sites by many birds including pelicans; and lake abijata is their feeding sanctuary. Other birds in the area include white necked cormorant, African fish eagle, Egyptian geeze, various plover species and herons. Danakil Depressions It is located in the Afar region of the country which is situated in the north eastern part of the country. Geologically one of the most active spots on the Planet Earth, it is a vast expanse of deserts, lava and below sea level salt plains and lakes, active and extinct volcanoes along a south/north chain. The hottest average temperature on earth with an extremely salty lake (Lake Afrera) at 120 meters under, the sea level kept alive by many thermal springs feeding it. It is also the land of Australopithecus Afarensis (Lucy from Hadar, in Afar) which has three million years old ancestor and having all the characteristics of Homo Spines. This area is endowed with natural attraction sites majorly Erta Ale, Afrera etc. Erta Ale is located in the remote area of Afar Depression. It is a natural volcano. And a person can see the volcano lake from the volcano rim only 20m away, which be able to experience the whole staff physically. Usually, when visitors need to visit the volcano the preferable route is Mekele-Berhale-Dodum-Erta Ale, of course it is possible through Awash-Afdera-Erta Ale. Thus, Arta Ale is the most active volcano in Africa and it is commonly visited by a number of tourists from all over the world. The lava lake is remained for more than 125 years and since 1967 the eruption continues without stop. Dallol is located in the Afar region near to the Eritrean border. It is the hottest spot in the world in terms of average temperature. It is also the lowest place in Africa, reaches -116m above sea level and the temperature ranges greater than 50 degree.

DAY 1

Short City Tour in Addis Ababa

Arrive at Bole International Airport and after transfer in to hotel depending on arrival time, arrange a city tour of Addis Ababa. It can include one or two sites. The most known sites are National museum of Ethiopia which is the host of the eldest skeleton ‘Lucy’; Ethnographic museum that set aside to the diversified ethnically, cultural, traditional and religious heritage of the country; Holy Trinity Cathedral is constructed in 1955 and boasts wonderful architectural feature and painting; Entoto, which is situated in the northern tip of the city to see the museum and the palace of Emperor Menelik II, and “Merkato”, the largest open air market in Africa. Read more

Addis Abeba 1 Night
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DAY 2

Blue Nile Falls and Lake Tana

After breakfast fly to Bahir dar, it is a clean and well-established city and endowed with Lake Tana. Lake Tana is the largest lake in Ethiopia, located in a depression of the northwest plateau 6,000 feet (1,800 metres) above sea level. It forms the main reservoir for the Blue Nile (Abbay) River, which drains its southern extremity near Bahir Dar. The lake's surface covers 1,418 square miles (3,673 square km), with a surrounding drainage of 4,500 square miles (11,650 square km); its maximum depth is 45 feet (14 meters). The islands and peninsulas of Lake Tana are most conveniently approached by boat from Bahir Dar on the southern side of the lake, though boats can often also be obtained at Gorgora on the northern shore. After check in to the hotel set out a boat trip to Zege Peninsula on Lake Tana (It is the largest lake in Ethiopia and covers an area of 250 sq km). At which it is preserved the 15th and 16th century beautiful island monasteries with their valuable treasures comprising biblical wall paintings, crowns of different Ethiopian Kings, ancient illuminated parchment, superb crosses etc. Moreover, an enjoyable fresh air, indigenous trees and coffee forest are the distinctive gift of the peninsula. Trip back to Bahir Dar and after lunch drive to the magnificent Blue Nile Falls; is a waterfall on the Blue Nile in Ethiopia and its meaning is "great smoke". It is situated on the upper course of the river, about 38 km downstream from the town of Bahir Dar and Lake Tana. The falls are estimated to be between 37 and 45 meters high, consisting of four streams that originally varied from a trickle in the dry season to over 400 meters wide in the rainy season. Read more

Bahir Dar 1 Night
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DAY 3

city tour of Gonder

After breakfast drive to Gondar for 3-4 hours through Gorgora plane and Gozamen palace. After check in to hotel, city tour of Gondar was founded by Emperor Fasilidas around the year 1636. During its long years as a capital, the settlement emerged as one of the largest and most popular cities in the realm. It was the great commercial center, trading with the rich lands south of the Blue Nile, as well as with Sudan to the west, and the Red Sea port of Massawa to the north east. It is also comprises several medieval castles with the contemporary design and decoration of churches, which includes the Royal Enclosure with its magnificent castles dated back to the 17th and 18th century (world heritage site), the bath of king Fasiledes, and the remarkable church of Debrebrihan Selassie with its breathtaking 17th century wall and ceiling paintings. Read more

Gonder 1 Night
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DAY 4

Lalibela churches

Depart on early morning fly to Lalibela, the most famous Ethiopian historical sites. After arrival, start a city tour of the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela, visiting the Northwestern Cluster of churches - Bet Medhane Alem, Bet Maryam, Bet Meskel, Bet Danaghel, and Bet Mikael & Bet Golgotha (entry not permitted for women). In the afternoon, visit the Southeastern Cluster of churches – Bet Gabriel-Rufael, Bet Merkorios, Bet Amanual, and Bet Abba Libanos. Finally, you will visit the most famous of all the churches – Bet Giyorgis, constructed in honor of the patron saint of Ethiopia – Saint George. Read more

Lalibela 1 Night
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DAY 5

City tour of Axum

Early in the morning fly to Axum. Upon arrival at Axum, transfer in to the hotel. A full day city tour of Axum includes the famous obelisks (one that was recently erected after being returned from Italy) and the archeological museum, the Queen of Sheba’s Bath (which supplies water to Axum year-round), Ezana’s inscription, King Kaleb’s tomb, King Bazen’s tomb, and the Queen of Sheba’s Palace. You can also visit the St. Mary of Zion church, where it believes the Ark of the Covenant is kept. Men only are allowed to enter the old church of the saint Mary. Unfortunately, no one (except one specially chosen guardian monk) is allowed to enter the chapel where the Ark is kept. Read more

Axum 1 Night
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DAY 6

On the way to Mekelle

Drive to Mekelle through historically very significant mountains (Adawa Mountains) which reminds us the place where the great battle between Ethiopia and the invader fascist Italy was held. And the Ethiopian troops used as a fortress. Furthermore, the final victory of the Ethiopian troops scored here. Yeha and Debre damo are also located on the way to Mekelle. Read more

Mekelle 1 Night
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DAY 7

Hamedela camping

In the next morning, depart Mekelle to go to Hamedela, which is about 160km totally from Mekelle. Initially drive 100km from Mekelle to Berhale, here is a stop to take lunch (lunch box) and produce a permit for Danakile trip with assigned two polices and one road guide. And then continue to drive to Hamedela about 60km from Berhale. It is the base camp for Dallol. Read more

Hamedela 1 Night
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DAY 8

Eartale Trekking

In the next morning continue to drive to the so called ‘Dodum’ which is the base camp for Ear’tale. In which the road has two parts, the first and the largest part of the road is covered by sand but the rest of the road is covered by rock. There will be a lunch stop in Kusrawit, the place where two scouts and camels for the luggage are arranged by the chief of the village besides, it is the place to take the lunch box meal. Afterward continue driving to ‘Dodum’, after taking a dinner start to trek to Eart’ale around 6pm for more than 2 hours and upon arrival start to visit Eart’ale and take sufficient time. Read more

Eartale 1 Night
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DAY 9

visiting Dallol

Early in the morning visit Ear’tale the second time, to experience the reaction in day light. And then trek back to all the way back to he place where the cars parked. Up on arrival take a breakfast and drive back to Hamedela.

Hamedela 1 Night
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DAY 10

Visiting Danakil

Drive to Dallol by crossing the largest depression and is located in the Afar region near to the Eritrean border. It is the hottest spot in the world in terms of average temperature. It is also the lowest place in Africa, reaches -116m above sea level and the temperature ranges greater than 50 degree Celsius for the sightseeing of the black salt mountain (Lake Asaele), colorful sulfuric hot spring water, salt mountains, acid cave, traditionally salt excavating wide area of salt composition and the original camel caravan live (bars of salt being loaded on to camels for the long journey (approximately 1500-2000 camels weekly). In the afternoon drive to Mekele through Brahale.. Drive back to Mekelle Read more

Mekelle 1 Night
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DAY 11

Langano Lake

In the morning, fly back to Addis Ababa and drive to Langano en route to visit Debre Zeit Crater Lakes. In Ethiopia there are three kinds of lakes that are rift valley lakes, crater lakes and high land lakes. Debre Zeit is endowed with six crater lakes and each lakes side are accommodated by beautiful resorts. Read more

Langano 1 Night
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DAY 12

Villages and Lake Abaya

After breakfast, drive to Konso, Konso is an ethnolinguistic group located in the arid highlands of southwestern Ethiopia. Their sharply delimited traditional territory is surrounded by lands of Oromo peoples, to whom the Konso are culturally and linguistically related. They are a Cushitic people. Unlike most Ethiopian peoples, the Konso live in large towns, each governed by an autonomous council of elders. The social status of all males, and of some females, is defined by a generation-grading system. Although a generation grade theoretically encompass the men in an entire region, it does not actually function beyond each town’s borders and therefore does not prevent conflicts between towns. Kinship is reckoned in nine exogamous, patrilineal clans and in lineages that are headed by priests and through which property is inherited. Craftsmen form a distinct social class. Although polygene is accepted, few men can afford more than one wife. The economy of the Konso rests on an exceptionally intensive agricultural involving irrigation and terracing of mountain slopes. Corn (maize) and numerous varieties of sorgum are the staple crops, and cotton and coffee are cash crops. To protect the fields the Konso maintain their cattle in stalls and feed them by hand or supervise their grazing. They use both the milk and the meat of cattle and the meat of sheep and goats as food, and the animals’ dung is collected for fertilizer. Numerous other animals are taboo as food. Thus up on arrival visit the Konso village. Read more

Konso 1 Night
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DAY 13

Mursi Village

Drive to Jinka on the way visit the Benna and Tsemai Market. On arrival, trip to Mago National Park to see the Mursi people village. The Mursi people are Nilo-Saharan and speak their own language. They live in the lower Omo Valley of southwestern Ethiopia. Their livelihood basis on mainly in rearing cattle and move from place to place to search for a suitable land for grazing and convenient climate for growing their crops often sorghum and maize. The Omo River meanders for nearly 1000km southwest of Addis Ababa, and 100km north of Kenyan border. The number of the Mursi inhabitants estimated less than 10,000 and live with certain division of villages in the park. Some Mursi practice flood retreat cultivation, particularly in the areas where the tsetse fly prohibits cattle rearing. Honey is collected from beehives made with bark and dung. The most famous Mursi traditions include the fierce stick fighting between the men, and the lip-plate is worn by the women. It is made of clay and often quite large, the plates are inserted into slits in their lower lips. It is thought that the Mursi women wear the plates to attract husband and boost the beauty. Read more

Jinka 1 Night
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DAY 14

Hammer Tribes

In the next morning drive to Turmi to visit the Hammer tribes, whom are very known by their ‘Evangadi dance, bull jumping, and their life style’. The Hamer tribe belongs among the tribal people living in the south Omo valley. They are a semi- pastoralist and known in their bull jumping and Evangadi dancing ceremony. If a young man desires to get married, he must jump over back of 7-15 bulls for two rounds without falling down in each way but at the end of each way he dismounts for a while. And if he finishes successfully he will marry according to his choice and he will also joins the ranks of Maza, men group who completed a jumping ceremony. A person must be jump castrated male cattle in order to be successful in his marriage life. But before he jumps, his female relatives are striped by stick in order to show their affection to the Jumper. Above that, young girls and boys dance Evangadi at the night for two or three consecutive days with regard the bull jumping and his parents will take over in preparing a feast for the villagers. Read more

Turmi 1 Night
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DAY 15

Full Day drive

In the morning drive to Awassa, along the road Arba Minch. It’s a full day drive. Arba Minch is known by the host of Lake chamo. And this lake is effective in fish production.

Hawassa 1 Night
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DAY 16

Fish Market and City tour of Addis Abeba

In the morning, visit the fish market on the shores of Lake Awassa, then drive to Addis Ababa and up on arrival visit the national museum of Ethiopia which is exhibited the oldest hominid, Lucy and other pre historical, historical and cultural artifacts. If time allows short visit of either Addis Ababa or shopping. In the evening invite a welfare dinner in the best traditional restaurant with folkloric music and dances. Depart to air port for international flight. END SERVICE. Read more

Addis Abeba
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ACCOMMODATIONS

Day in trip
Location
Hotel
Day 1
Location Addis Abeba
Day 2
Location Bahir Dar
Day 3
Location Gondar
Day 4
Location Lalibela
Day 5
Location Axum
Day 6
Location Mekelle
Day 7
Location Hamedela
Hotel Camping
Day 8
Location Eartale
Hotel Camping
Day 9
Location Hamedela
Hotel Camping
Day 10
Location Mekelle
Day 11
Location Langano
Day 12
Location Konso
Hotel Kanta Lodge or similar hotel
Day 13
Location Jinka
Day 14
Location Turmi
Day 15
Location Awassa
Day in trip
Location
Hotel
Day 1
Location Addis Abeba
Day 2
Location Bahir Dar
Day 3
Location Gonder
Day 4
Location Lalibela
Day 5
Location Axum
Day 6
Location Mekelle
Day 7
Location Hamedela
Hotel Camping
Day 8
Location Eartale
Hotel Camping
Day 9
Location Hamedela
Hotel Camping
Day 10
Location Mekelle
Day 11
Location Langano
Day 12
Location Konso
Hotel Kanta Lodge or similar lodge
Day 13
Location Jinka
Day 14
Location Turmi
Day 15
Location Awassa

TRIP PACKAGE

Package includes

  • Accommodation on Twin / Double bed sharing basis in 4* hotel in Addis Ababa and best available Hotels / Lodge outside Addis Ababa.
  • Accommodation Camping Only for Afar desert
  • Meals on F/B basis Only for Afar desert & for North Historic & South Cultural Tour H/B Basis
  • Cooks
  • One additional jeep for cooking material & for food
  • Camel for Afar
  • Scout, polices and Militaries
  • Per day purified bottled water for the Danakil we providing five litter the rest of tour we supply three litters water per day per person.
  • Ground transportation for Historic & Cultural by VAN only for Afar Desert by Jeep (P/Jeep Maximum 4 passengers)
  • Professional English speaking guide and local guide
  • All entrance fees according to the tour program
  • Scout, polices and Militaries as deemed necessary.
  • Bout Trip Lake Tana; Blue Nile Fowls; Arba- Minch Lake Chamo & Omo Valley
  • All Government Taxes.

Package excludes

  • Alcoholic and soft drinks
  • Incidental meals, snacks and drinks.
  • Any international flights & domestics flights
  • Commercial videos and photographs
  • Entrance for special ceremonies
  • Laundry service
  • Tips and telephone calls
  • All type of expenses which are not listed on package inclusions part

REVIEWS

1 Reviews

Mr. Plamen Todorov, United States

We are very happy with our visit to Ethiopia, your company’s services and the possibility to be close to the Ethiopian wonderful people, culture and history.

We are a team of dynamic, energetic & experienced

Habesha Tour & Travel
1 Reviews
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THE TEAM

Eferem H/mariam

Habesha is the ideal choice to visit Ethiopia with over 17 years experience in the field of tourism.

If you have any questions or you want to customize your trip we are here for you at any time.

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